The design features of a hydrogen refuelling station are determined by the expected daily demand, by the storage pressure (350 or 700 bars), as well as by the way hydrogen is supplied to the station – as it can be delivered with trucks or be produced onsite.
The design and deployment of a refuelling point involve financial risks, mainly related to the pace in which hydrogen fuel cell vehicles are adopted by consumers. The investment risk associated with the deployment is mainly due to high capital investment and operating costs, as well as to the underuse of the refuelling infrastructure during the first phase of market development.
The map on this page shows the existing refuelling points as of 2016 and a hypothesis of distribution between the various Italian cities of the planned stations expected to enter into operation by 2020 and by 2025, for both passenger cars and buses. The projections for 2020 and 2025 can be viewed by clicking on the top left. One can see that only three hydrogen refuelling points were regularly in operation in 2016, while three others were closed and waiting to be used again.
Because the proposal for a national rollout plan of hydrogen refuelling infrastructure focuses on road transport only, the map does not show future refuelling points for hydrogen fuel cell rail projects (regional trains and trams) or waterborne projects (water buses, boats for lake or river transport). Similarly, it does not take into account all new refuelling points expected to be open beyond 2025, when a mass adoption of fuel cell electric vehicles will follow market development. From 2026 onwards only high capacity refuelling points will be deployed, as a way to facilitate the return on investment for operators.
HYDROGEN REFUELLING STATIONS IN ITALY
Please contact us if you are a member of a city council and wish to promote hydrogen fuel cell mobility in your territory!